Recommendations

1. Planners and policy makers in India should acknowledge
that capturing and domesticating wild elephants is an
integral part of their conservation and management.

2. A formal census of domesticated elephants should be
carried out in India urgently.

3. A general amnesty should be given to all elephant
owners who have failed to apply for ownership certificates.
They should be given at least six months to obtain
ownership certificates. The legal authority of issuing
ownership certificates should be delegated to the district
level forest officers. NGOs, Livestock Department and
elephant owners should be involved in the exercise.
Publicity and confidence building measures should
precede the drive for registration.

4. Elephant owners should be encouraged to form
associations, which can be involved in registration and
other welfare, programmes for elephants and mahouts.
Elephants having ownership certificates should be
provided with free periodic vaccination. The Government
of India may also initiate an insurance programme for
registered elephants and their mahouts.

5. The capture of wild elephants should be done only
through the SFD agencies, but ownership of and the
domestic trade in domesticated elephants should be
liberalized. Necessary amendments in the WPA-1972
should be introduced for this purpose.

6. Ownership certificates should be suitably designed to
include all relevant information about the elephant.
Affixation of an identification mark on the elephant should
be made legally binding and a uniform system of marking
should be adopted all over India.

7. Necessary norms and standards should be prescribed
for elephant owners and enforced through the WPA-1972.

8. A review of the PCA-1960 and various rules framed
thereunder should be undertaken to make them relevant
to captive elephants. If necessary, a separate set of rules
applicable to domesticated elephants should be
promulgated under the PCA-1960.

9. A training programme for veterinarians posted in
districts having wild and captive elephants should be
launched. This should focus on the health management of
elephants and on allied topics. Properly equipped
laboratories should be set up in all such districts to assist
the elephant vets. In each geographical region of India, at
least one veterinary college should be identified and
developed as a centre of excellence for research and
training in elephant health care.

10. Suitable research should be undertaken for evolving
efficient and painless methods of training and handling
elephants in captivity.



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