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GUIDELINE FOR SUBMITTING SPECIMENS
FOR TOXICOLOGICAL EXAMINATION
Suspected
Xenobiotic for
Analysis
Specimen
Required
Amount
Required
Remarks
Ammonia/Urea

Whole
Blood or
Serum
Urine
Rumen
contents
5 ml.

5 ml.
100 g.
Frozen or
may add
1-2 drops
of saturated
mercuric
chloride
Arsenic
Liver,
Kidney
Whole Blood

Urine
Ingesta
Feed
100 g.
15 ml.
50 ml.
100 g.
1-2 kg.
 
Chlorinated
Hydrocarbons
Cerebrum,
Ingesta
Fat
Liver,
Kidney


100 g.
Use only
glass
containers.
Avoid
aluminium
foil for
wrapping
specimen.
Copper
Kidney,
Liver Serum
Whole Blood

Feed
Faeces
100 g.
2-5 ml.
10 ml.
1-2 kg.
100g.
 
Cyanide
Forage
Whole Blood

Liver
1-2 kg;
10 ml.
100 g.
Rush
sample to
laboratory.
Frozen in
airtight
container.
Fluoride
Bone
Water
Forage
Urine
20 g.
100 ml.
100 g.
50 ml.
Ideal
sample will
be the
lesion seen
in teeth and
done.
Herbicides
Treated
weeds
Urine
Ingesta
Liver,
Kidney
1-2 kg.
50 ml.
500 g.
100 g.
 
Lead, Mercury
Kidney
Whole Blood

Liver
Urine
100g.
10 ml.
100 g.
15 ml.
Heparinized,
do not use
EDTA
Mycotoxins
Brain,
Forages,
Liver,
Kidney
100 g.
Airtight
container,
plastic bag.
For dry
feeds-cloth
bags.
Nitrate
Forage
Water
Body fluids
1-2 kg.
100 ml.
10-20 ml.
 
Organophosp
hates
Organocarbon
ates
Feed
Ingesta
Liver
Urine
100g.
100 g.
100 g.
50 ml.
 
Oxalates
Fresh
forage
Kidney
100 g.
100 g.
Fixed in
formalin
Sodium (NaCI)
Brain
Serum
CSF
Feed
100 g.
2 ml.
1 ml.
1-2 kg.
 
Zinc
phosphide
Liver,
Kidney,
Gastric
content
100 g.
 
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