Handling & Rescue Operation in Wildlife
                         Prof. Dr. Jacob V. Cheeran     

The word rescue as it understood is to free from danger or
evil plight.

When any animal is subjected to danger, certain
physiological changes take place.  In reply to: common
physiological parlance it is known as “Alarm Reaction”.  
Alarm reaction has the following sequence: sight, fright,
and flight, or fight.

When a forest personal is with the problem of rescuing the
animal the first 2 stages will be already over and animal will
be in an exhausted condition due to flight (fleeing away
from danger) or fight (trying to get out of danger).

Almost everybody might have experienced the enormous
energy we get when we encounter a rogue elephant i
close proximity.   This is due to the bodily changes like
rapid and force full beating of heart    (increased speed &
rate of blood supply), rapid respiration (better
oxygenation), additional glucose is mobilised to the blood
from the liver (easy and quick energy), blood is diverted
from other parts of the body to the voluntary muscles and
heart, as well as these blood vessels swells up also (better
blood supply).  This is because there is declaration of

Any emergency cannot last long and animal runs into
exhaustion.   Often the rescuer reaches the site when
animal is still fighting for its life or tired, rundown and
exhausted.  Even exhausted animals may be able to put up
some resistance before going into extreme exhaustion and
shock, which may even result in death.

Approach Depends upon

1.    The type of animal
2.     Nature of plight
3.     Natural type of combat or defence of the animal
4.     Personal safety

Type of animal

Needles to say that approach to a trapped fawn and a
leopard are much different.  A carnivore can reach out
through the bars; this is especially true to cat’s i.e. big
cats.  Human approach will not only frighten the animal but
also can injure itself in the attempt to escape.   If the cage
is not strong enough it can easily break it or attack.  
Leopards are notorious.  Even aiming a leopard with a gun
will provoke the animal to pounce on you; may be it a live
gun, tranquilliser gun or even a camera.

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