|It's olfactory faculties are highly developed and can
distinguish people even after several years.
Eyesight is poor. Hence, in the wild they feed more on
less colourful but highly scented fruits! Like jackfruit that
attracts them from kilometers even in new moon nights.
Their skin is devoid of sweat glands and temperature
regulation is done by mechanisms like pumping the blood
through the pinna/external ear. Ears act like fins of an
air-cooled engine and they flap it too frequently when the
ambient temperature is high. Laymen attribute these
flapping of ears as playing the tunes of 'panchavadyam'!
(Festival instrumental orchestra.)
Skin is very thick and hence known as pachyderm but still
sensitive to pain like any other animal. Several folds of
wrinkles on the skin are a mechanism to increase the
surface area and the radiation of heat from the body.
Elephants have only two pairs of teeth at a time and are
replaced five times during its lifetime and thus have six
sets of teeth in total. The last one is replaced at the age
of 40 years and the animal lives up to 60 years. By this
time, the teeth are worn out. The replacement of teeth
does not take place by shedding or eruption but by
forward progression from the back, like a conveyor belt.
Tusk is an outgrowth of upper incisor teeth and grows 8
-10 cm every year. In captive elephants they are cut
The elephants got their name 'Danti' from the Sanskrit
word 'Dantam' meaning tooth. Like left handed and
right-handed persons they too preferentially make use of
right or left tusks as the case may be.
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