11.Check for the normal pulse, respiration and body

12. Look for the injuries on the ear like holes, tear and

13.Check the foot. Look for foot rot. This is very common
in elephants kept in unhygienic surroundings and those
kept without proper exercise.

14. Check for lameness. Make the animal to walk and
make the animal to take turns both clockwise and anticlock
wise. Palpate the joints. Arthritis is common in elephants.

15.Look at the dung boluses. Poor undigested dung
boluses indicate worn-out teeth often due to old age and
also malformation of teeth.

16. Animal should lie down and get up with ease. But note
that animal may refuse to lie down when surrounded by
strange people and in surroundings.

17.Urine if too much cloudy, indicate animal is not getting
enough water. Common to circuses.

18. Presence of stereotype behaviour indicate boredom
and lack of mental stimulation. This means that there is
lack of environmental enrichment which is a must for

19.Tethering site should be clean, dry with provision for
drainage. Surface is preferably made up of compacted
earth and not concrete.

20. Look for the under surface of the foot. Too many
cracks indicates lack of exercise and too smooth surface
means too much of walking,

21.Tethering site should be cool and with plenty of shade.

22. Provision for protection from the cold winds in cold
climatic conditions.

These are some of the important points and a score card
can be used to assess the condition of any particular
                                                                                         November 2006
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